X-ray florescence spectroscopy Testing (XRF)
XRF can be carried out electronic parts to evaluate the material composition of the terminations and the molding compound in order to detect the presence or absence of Pb and other discrepancies with an authentic part. It is a non-destructive test. A complete graph will be providing with a list of substances found. The EU RoHS Directive (2011/65/EU) restricts the maximum allowable levels of lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg), hexavalent chromium (Cr6+), polybrominated biphenyl (PBB) and polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) flame retardants to 0.1% or 1000ppm (except for cadmium, which is limited to 0.01% or 100 ppm) by weight of homogeneous material in electrical equipment and electronic products. In order to manufacturer these products or import/export from or into the European Union, manufacturers are responsible for providing due diligence documentation.